What is FOREX?

FOREX (FOReign EXchange market) is an international foreign exchange market, where money is sold and bought freely. It began back in the 1970’s with the introduction of free exchange rates and floating currencies. Thanks to the internet more and more people are able to reap the profits of the currency market with global Forex trading.

This is a market that trades as over US$1 trillion a day. (It is impossible to determine an absolutely exact number because trading is not centralized on an exchange.) It trades more than any other market. There are some distinct differences in the currency market compared to the stock market. Money moves much faster so no single investor has the ability to actually affect market price and trades are able to open and close within seconds which is not possible on the stock market.

From New Zealand, to Australia, to Asia, the Middle East, Europe and America, Forex Markets are open twenty-four hours a day. All the major markets, including London, New York, and Tokyo are part of it. Of course the United Kingdom and the United States account for over fifty percent of the turnover. When the time of day comes for all the major markets to overlap, trading can get pretty heavy.
Besides the major markets there are also five main currencies that are a part of Foreign exchange Markets. These currencies include the United States Dollar (USD), the Euro (EUR), Japanese yen (JPY), British Pound (GBP) and the Swiss Franc (CHF). Each of these is traded in what are called pairs. In this particular market they are also called crosses, in what is known in the Forex Markets as the 'spot' market. A lot of this market is determined by supply and demand of certain major currencies and how they affect the current world market and its situations.

The superior liquidity allows the traders to open and/or close positions within a few seconds. The time of keeping a position is arbitrary and has no limits: from several seconds to many years. It depends only on your trading strategies. Although the daily fluctuations of currencies are rather insignificant, you may use the credit lines, that are accessible even to currency speculators with small capitals ($ 1,000 - 5,000), where the profit may be impressive.


Margin trading is trading with a borrowed capital. The idea of marginal trading stems from the fact that in FOREX speculative interests can be satisfied without a real money supply. This decreases overhead expenses for transferring money and gives an opportunity to open positions with a small account in US dollars, buying and selling a lot of other currencies. That is, on can conduct transactions very quickly, getting a big profit, when the exchange rates go up or down. Many speculative transactions in the international financial markets are made on the principles of marginal trading.

Marginal trading in an exchange market uses lots. 1 lot equals approximately $100,000, but to open it, it is enough to have only from 0.5% to 4% of the sum.

For example, you have analyzed the situation in the market and come to the conclusion that the pound will go up against the dollar. You open 1 lot for buying the pound (GBP) with the margin 1% (1:1000 leverage) at the price of 1.49889 and wait for the exchange rate to go up. Some time later your expectations become true. You close the position at 1.5050 and earn 61 pips (about $ 405).

Everyday fluctuations of currencies constitute about 100 to 150 pips, giving FX traders an opportunity to make money on these changes.

In FOREX, it's not obligatory to buy some currency first in order to sell it later. It's possible to open positions for buying and selling any currency without actually having it. Usually Internet-brokers establish the minimum deposit such as $ 2000, for working in the FOREX market, and grant a leverage of 1:100. That is, opening the position at $100,000, a trader invests $1,000 and receives $99.000 as a credit.